Assessing and Quantitative Evaluating the Locations of Schools Based on Multiple Environmental Criteria (Case Study: Zone 4 of District 5, Tehran)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Surveying Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University

2 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan



Crowded or contaminated areas are not proper places for schools because they have a direct impact on the comfort of families who have to commute to schools. In this study, environmental, physical, and residential satisfaction aspects of Primary schools in District 5 of Tehran (Zone 4) were analyzed using GIS joined with a multi-criteria decision-making technique. In this research, nine indicators in two categories, quantitative and qualitative, have been considered as criteria. Quantitative criteria include noise pollution, air pollution, school's green space, slope around the school, proximity to sports and parks, and educational per capita ratios of schools, and quantitative criteria include accessibility to school and school educational quality which was measured by a questionnaire. In total, 467 parents of students were surveyed in this study. The selected criteria were chosen to measure the spatial superiority and all the spatial criteria were used in the form of criteria maps. The sources of spatial data are satellite imagery, existing maps, and statistical data for both governmental and non-governmental primary schools in the study area. The rational importance of criteria maps was determined using the AHP method, while the inconsistency ratio of pairwise comparisons was 0.03. Each criterion was multiplied by the estimated weight and the final scores of the schools were calculated. The results indicated that the majority of the surveyed schools are within walking distance in terms of proximity to parks and sports facilities. Thus, high-quality education needs to be done in proper locations for education. For future research, it is recommended that the compatibility of schools with other urban land uses be examined.